Litigation is a rising enterprise throughout a lot of Continental Europe.

The results of COVID-19 on litigation in Europe got here early, with lawsuits over well being and security, insurance coverage protection, employment points and enterprise interruption cropping up virtually instantly after the continent imposed restrictions to deal with the brand new coronavirus. 

These points, and extra, are more likely to drive litigation nicely after the well being disaster has been contained, Europe-based litigation companions instructed Worldwide. Among the fundamental disputes on Continental Europe are setting off in France, Germany and the Netherlands. 


In France, employee well being and security litigation began quickly after the financial system locked down in March, with Amazon, Renault, Airbus and different main employers answering union complaints that they didn’t do sufficient to safeguard employees at their services.

“Within the French system, employers are anticipated to do greater than adjust to authorities steering,” mentioned Emmanuelle Rivez-Domont, an employment companion at Jones Day in Paris. 

Employers are additionally obliged to seek the advice of with staff over modifications in work circumstances, and that obligation “typically runs up in opposition to the necessity to do one thing in an emergency,” which can provide rise to litigation, Rivez-Domont mentioned.

She mentioned that whereas most employers, staff and unions confirmed an “spectacular” stage of cooperation within the early days of the disaster, that solidarity may fray as France heads right into a second wave of infections – and doubtlessly a second lockdown.

“There are nonetheless so many unknowns.”

“When persons are working and really feel safe, then issues go nicely,” she mentioned. “When individuals begin to really feel threatened, they search redress.”

New areas of dispute on Rivez-Domont’s radar are points associated to distant working – compensation for worker bills, new requirements for efficiency evaluations – and knowledge assortment beneath the stringent EU Normal Information Safety Regulation, or GDPR.

One such knowledge dispute has already come up: A Jones Day consumer, a multinational firm, ran up in opposition to union and labor inspectorate resistance over the set up of an computerized temperature-taking system at its services in France. 

Nobody disputed the worth of the system to employee well being and security, Rivez-Domont mentioned, however the firm had to supply assurances that the automated system was not additionally routinely preserving worker knowledge.

 “It’s not attainable to have everybody proud of all the pieces that’s carried out,” Rivez-Domont mentioned. 

Insurance coverage litigation in France acquired began early as nicely, with a Could judgment in favor of Maison Rostang, a restaurant group based across the Michelin-starred chef Michel Rostang. 

A French enterprise courtroom dominated that AXA, the large insurer, owed Maison Rostang greater than €1 million to cowl the group’s drop in enterprise over the primary 10 weeks of the lockdown. AXA has appealed. 

“They’re calling into query valuation and the knowledge of going via with offers.”

The case was seen as a warning to different French companies to overview their insurance coverage protection fastidiously, in line with Christopher Mesnooh, an M&A companion at Fieldfisher in Paris.

In truth, efforts to take away as a lot uncertainty as attainable from deal contracts has led to fewer M&A offers falling aside or heading to courtroom than had been anticipated at the beginning of the disaster, in line with Laurent Bensaid, head of the M&A observe at King & Spalding in Paris.

“For instance, many events made a acutely aware choice to take away the consequences of COVID from the definition of power majeure,” Bensaid mentioned. “We needed to have little question on interpretation, particularly since there have been so many unknowns.”

Now, because the disaster has dragged on, “acquirers are seeing the implications of COVID on enterprise and are specializing in the query of whether or not targets did a ok job of managing,” he mentioned. “They’re calling into query valuation and the knowledge of going via with offers.”

Bensaid added that for the reason that results of the disaster can be felt lengthy past the top of 1 dangerous yr, an extra uptick in M&A litigation may observe.

“There’ll undoubtedly be additional disputes over valuation,” Bensaid mentioned. “You can simply see acquirers saying that the targets weren’t clear sufficient concerning the results of COVID on their enterprise. There are nonetheless so many unknowns.”


Within the Netherlands, a number of corporations and organizations have additionally been testing the authorized waters.

Koninklijke Horeca Nederland, an trade group representing native bars and eating places, went to courtroom in July to request an interim injunction that will compel the Dutch authorities to chill out the social distancing measures relevant in bars and eating places.

The trade group’s request for an interim injunction was denied by the ruling choose, who mentioned in his judgment that acute disaster conditions give governments intensive leeway to undertake insurance policies they see match. In September, Koninklijke Horeca Nederland introduced they wouldn’t attraction the judgment.

Insurance coverage has historically been a non-contentious space of legislation within the Netherlands, with not a lot case legislation up to now. This, too, seems to be altering considerably because of Covid-19.  

In August, occasion organizer ID&T gained its declare in opposition to 4 insurers – NN, Reaal, Amlin and Chubb – who sought to exclude the COVID-19 pandemic as a cancellation motive that will set off payouts beneath their cancellation insurance coverage insurance policies.

Past simply occasion organizers, insurance coverage corporations may additionally must brace for enterprise interruption disputes with a broader vary of claimants because of a latest take a look at case judgment from the U.Okay.’s Excessive Court docket.

“I anticipate fairly a caseload in 2021 in judgments from the courtroom.”

That case, introduced by the nation’s Monetary Conduct Authority, was seen as a victory for policyholders in search of to file COVID-related claims beneath enterprise interruption insurance coverage insurance policies and Dutch attorneys anticipate its results to ripple out to the Netherlands.

 The U.Okay. judgment offers corporations that don’t have the usual Dutch “named perils” coverage leverage to file new enterprise interruption claims to cowl losses associated to the COVID-19 pandemic, mentioned Evelyn Tjon-En-Fa, a companion at Chicken & Chicken within the Netherlands and head of the Dutch dispute decision observe.

That is in precept the case for corporations who insured their dangers on the London market, which many giant and multinational firms within the Netherlands do, Tjon-En-Fa added.

However the “gentle” lockdown imposed by the Dutch authorities – the place few industries have been required to close their doorways – additional narrows the group of potential claimants.

“I feel a declare will probably be extra profitable for those who can actually show that the federal government ordered you to really shut off your total premises – as an alternative if, say, you had much less turnover, otherwise you didn’t get as many orders,” Tjon-En-Fa mentioned.

Nonetheless, Tjon-En-Fa doesn’t anticipate a flurry of insurance coverage disputes to observe within the coming months exactly as a result of most corporations have named perils insurance coverage insurance policies.   

Tjon-En-Fa does anticipate attorneys to have their palms full with rental disputes between property homeowners and company tenants who have been unable to make hire funds because of the financial impression of COVID-19. She added that power majeure and unexpected circumstances disputes are additionally more likely to end in a spate of recent disputes, albeit it not instantly.

“It often takes greater than a yr to get a judgment, so taking that into consideration I anticipate fairly a caseload in 2021 in judgments from the courtroom.”


In Germany,  first indicators of what many are calling a “Klagewelle”, or a wave of litigation because of the financial fallout from the coronavirus are beginning to seem. 

Like in lots of different nations throughout Continental Europe, Germany closed eating places, bars and motels throughout the first pandemic wave this spring—a measure that hit eating places and bars particularly arduous, leading to a complete lack of $20.5 billion within the six months beginning in March, in line with the German resort and restaurant affiliation DEHOGA. 

Now, as restaurant homeowners are asking their insurance coverage to step up, many are discovering {that a}  lack of enterprise because of a novel virus wasn’t coated by their insurance coverage coverage. 

 ”Insurance coverage is totally going nuts.”

Three circumstances went to trial this month in a Munich regional courtroom. In all, the Germany insurance coverage big Allianz argued that the restaurant homeowners insurance policies didn’t cowl damages linked to the coronavirus pandemic. A minimum of 72 further circumstances will nonetheless be heard, in line with a courtroom spokesperson, with extra circumstances being filed. 

However for attorneys, these uncertainties are delivering payoffs.

Circumstances like these are making CMS’ insurance coverage observe increase, in line with Duncan Weston, CMS govt companion.

“Issues like insurance coverage, which is considered one of our largest sectors, is totally going nuts, due to course insurance coverage claims are going up all over the place,” he mentioned.

Insurance coverage is only one space that’s seeing increased ranges of labor in comparison with the 2008 monetary disaster, Weston mentioned.

“In 2008, all the market stopped, there was nothing in any respect, no litigation, no restructuring. No company work, nothing.”  Within the wake of the Corona disaster, insurance coverage is “an enormous busy space for us,” Weston mentioned, “whereas, in 2008, it was fully lifeless.”  

Learn Extra: 

French Firms Retool COVID-19 Offerings for a ‘New Normal’

European Court of Justice Ruling Asserts Primacy of EU Law

Six Months On: How Germany’s Legal Industry Has Faced the Pandemic